Shaziya Khanam
Baramulla, August 5: In 2019 on August 5 and 6, two presidential orders were issued on concurrence of J&K Governor and resolutions passed by the Parliament to abrogate Article 370 and Jammu and Kashmir’s constitution.
The unilateral constitutional changes took away Jammu & Kashmir’s special status and also exclusive rights of its permanent residents on jobs, immoveable property and contesting polls.
The provision was added to the Constitution through a Presidential Order that is ,The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 – issued by the President of India on 14 May 1954.This provision was rendered ineffective as Presidential Order of August 5 superseded the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 as amended from time to time.
“Until the abrogation of Article 370 , the school were functioning normally, but post August 5 when the authorities scrapped Article 370, no academic activity was held for over seven months.”, said officials at Directorate of school Eduacation Kashmir.
While according to reports , a total of 120 militancy-related cases have been reported till July,2020 and during the same period – between January and July in 2019 – a total of 188 cases were reported. Till July, 2020, atleast 35 security personnel lost their lives in the line of duty, and last year during the same period 75 security personnel had lost their lives fighting terrorists.
“One year on, there is no fear of losing anything – because there is nothing left to lose. The burden of special status is gone. August 5 last year redefined everything for the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Article 370, which enshrined the relationship between J&K state and the union of India for last 70 years is gone. Only time will tell if the BJP government has done the right thing with its abrogation. Did this fully integrate Kashmir with the rest of India or it has further widened the gap, both politically and constitutionally? There are multiple petitions before the Supreme Court to decide on the constitutional validity of the giant move.” , Nazir Masoodi , a journalist write in his article.
Jammu and Kashmir Pradesh Congress Committee (JKPCC) Chief, Ghulam Ahmad Mir said, “ that the people in the Union Territory have been forced to face hardships since last one year and are still anguished over the decisions taken by the government last year.”
“There is no sector which witnessed growth. Everything has got affected including education, trade, tourism, horticulture and others,” he said, adding that a few people who are their own are supporting and appreciating the last year’s decisions while the majority of people are anguished. “In one year, Jammu and Kashmir went back 25 years,” he added.

National Conference (NC) said, “ August 05 is the darkest patch in the history of J&K marking the forcible, illegal and unconstitutional infringement of the rights of its people, saying the party will fight the battle for the restoration of people’s rights peacefully and legally.”